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Here Comes Da Judge

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Mishpatim 5777

That irreverent reference in my title comes from a famous routine on Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In from the late ‘60s, but it originated in a song and skit by Afro-American entertainer Dewey “Pigmeat” Markham. The whole point of the phrase and the skit was to poke fun at the solemnity of courtrooms and...

The Importance of Praying in Hebrew and the Push Toward Fixed Prayer

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This is the last of our random sample of places Rambam inserts aggadic material into Mishneh Torah. Next time, I hope to review them briefly to see if any themes or ideas characterize them all. Here, let’s look at his understanding of how fixed prayer came to the Jewish people.

Remember that Rambam held that the Torah obligates Jews to pray once a day (many if not most other authorities held that daily prayer is a rabbinic obligation). To fulfill the Torah’s standard, every Jew must say words of praise, request and thanks, for as long or short as s/he wants or is able to offer (more is better, a fuller service of the heart).

Rambam opens his Laws of Prayer with an explanation of...

Weapons Rights

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People often make fun of rabbis, and I take it personally, so cut it out! No, no. I mean about the way rabbis parse material, whether it’s a verse or a Mishna. Many critics are thrown into a tizzy about the lengths these scholars will go to squeeze out the last drop of meaning from the text. Well, those disapproving onlookers should listen to the way American jurists debate the straight-forward statement that is the Second Amendment to the American Constitution. It’s just this one sentence: “A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” People go crazy trying to figure out what...

Introducing Mitzvot to the World and the Jewish People

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Laws of Kings includes the obligation for the king to wage war against certain populations. In a passage that seems to me too-little remarked, Rambam advances the theory that any non-Jew who agrees to observe the Noahide laws need not be put to death.

There’s more to it than that, but that’s not our topic today. I only mention it so we can understand why Rambam spends two chapters of Mishneh Torah laying out the Noahide laws in detail. Those chapters have much of interest (a long time ago, I wrote an article based on those chapters of Rambam, which appeared in the Georgetown Immigration Law Journal), but our topic today is how Rambam leads into them.

Chapter 9, paragraph 1 of Laws...

Amalek, Esav’s Revenge and the Jewish Destiny

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In the long history of the Jewish people, Amalek was the first enemy they had to fight on their own on the way out of Egypt, just barely one month after their miraculous exodus. The people were tired and dispirited, and Amalek thought that this was the right moment to ambush the Jews, the struggling, weak, exhausted and tired nation, and set back the Jewish people and destroy its future before it even began. Amalek, the grandson of Esav, remembered Yitzchak’s blessing to Esav (Bereishit Toldot 27:40), “Vehaya ka’asher tarid, ufarakta ulo mey’al tzavarecha, And it will be, when you grieve, that you will break his yoke off your neck” (when you will think that Yaakov is no longer...

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